Wednesday, January 30, 2013
Have the Muslims ignored Kabir
By Vidya Bhushan Rawat
As the Humanise India journey started from Kabirchaura, there were some uncomfortable questions which are often ignored and sidelined. The stories that we had heard in our child hood and still promoted are that when Kabir died there was a big dispute between the Hindus and Muslims on his ‘religious’ identity. The Muslims wanted to bury him and the Hindus wanted to cremate him. This is the supreme irony that we are told that when the issue did not resolve, Kabir body became flower which both the Hindus and Muslims divided among them and cremated him according to their beliefs. Is it possible that a body becomes flower after death asks the Muttawali of the ‘Mazar’of Kabir at Magahar.
While ‘secularists’ may like to present the picture of the Kabir Samadhi Sthal at Magahar as a complete photo-op of pluralism and cultural syncretism in India where Mosque and temple stood together in absolute harmony, the things are not as simple as they are being made out. A contrast is visible when you visit the ‘Hindu Samadhi’ of Kabir and compare it with the ‘Mazar’ adjacent to it. The latter is suffering in the absence of support from the government and others. In fact, the archeological survey of India had demolished a large portion of it but the discrimination between the two is perfect and absolute.
One of my curiosities about Kabir has been about his birth and acceptability among his people. I go to Muttawali Shabir Hussein who is quietly sitting in front of the place where according to him Kabir was buried. His claim to belong to a family where Kabir had stayed and his forefathers served his Mazar with great devotion. Shabir Hussein is a disappointed person today. ‘We talk of secularism, Hindu Muslim brotherhood but where is it? Why are people not giving this place their due? He knows that every year there is so much of festivities and huge funds come for the celebration of Kabir Mahotsav but not a single penny was spend on developing the mosque.
The Kabir math has Hindu literature and all his ‘Dohas’ are there but at the Mazar of Kabir, not a single sentence or preaching of Kabir is written. A few things are mentioned in Arabic and I ask Shabir Hussein as what does he think about the whole process and deification of Kabir now. His only concern is that government and people have not respected him despite the fact Kabir was buried at the place he sits. He has devoted his life and his father too for the service of ‘Sahib’. Your complaint may be true with Hindus but why don’t Muslims come here and respect Kabir’, I ask. ‘ Muslim believe in ‘tawarikh’ and the Hindus have actually distorted things about Kabir that no Muslim is ready to accept him’, he says. How can a Muslim accept a person whose ‘parents’ are not known. Some time, it is being said that he was born to a ‘brahmin widow’ sometime something else. When history is distorted then there is no chance of acceptability of a person in the community and hence Kabir seems to have become victim of this. He spoke against superstition and supreme irony is that he has been made a miracle man today. The mosque adjacent to the Samadhisthal does not portray anything of Kabir as according to the Muttawali Shabir Hussein, Kabir was not a social reformer but a ‘wali’. He does not want to remember Kabir as a social reformer. How could he write so many things when he was illiterate said the Muttawali. And he has his own arguments when I said how he feel Kabir saying,’ Kankar pathar jori ke masjid layi banay, taa chadhi mullah bang de kya bahro huo khuday’. Shabir is unimpressed with this and ask if he said this are the temples not made of ‘kankar and pathar’ but I countered him about the noise that the mullah speak of. Shabir Hussein feels that all this is later entry and distorted version of things in the name of Kabir. He reiterates his views that kabir was a great ‘wali’ and ‘elderly’ man who has miracle power.
While I agreed to many things that Shabir Hussein said, I felt he is sandwiched between the Hindu secularists and his own community people. The Muslims are not ready to accept the reformist Kabir at all apart from his issues related to ‘birth’ and ‘khari khari’. I told Shabir Hussein that it would have been great to see Muslims coming to Kabir but that is not happening. He was a Julaha, a weaver and born in that community and spoke against social evil but the community has not accepted him as he did not harp on that identity. Is it important for Muslims to know about the identity of a person for being respected or revered? Why have Muslims not owned him even if Kabir talked about universal brotherhood and against all forms of discrimination? It is also true that with the Devbandi ideology growing among the Islamic sects, the idea of Mazar is being presented as non-Islamic and hence it is the struggle of being ‘pragmatist’ as well as being part of Islam. This internal dynamism has forced him not to make Kabir as a reformer but as a ‘wali’ which not everybody would acceptable.
It is true that Kabir’s Hinduisation process is complete at the moment. The statue of Kabir that former chief minister Ms Mayawati inaugurated is decorated with a white ‘tikka’ on his forehead. Now various statues of Kabir of ‘morepankh’ on his forehead like Krishna. In the Hindu Kabir Sthal there are numerous quotes and literature coming. Kabir Mahotsava is being organized every year. Of course, the Hindus can be blamed for being selective and denying Kabir his identity in relations to Muslims. Now, claims are also being made that he was a Buddhist as many of his preaching are quite close to Buddha’s ideals of nonviolence and international brotherhood. The Kabir’s mazar is languishing because of neglect both from the Muslims-Hindus as well as secularists who mythicize his death into a ‘secular miracle’. It is ironical that in today’s conflicting times when we have hatred all around and when we should have respected Kabir’s preaching and bold sayings, his ‘claimants’ want to convert him to mythological figure and make money out of him. There is no meaning to say that one considers him a Wali and not a social reformer. Shabir Hussein deserves listening but he also need to change his mind-set to bring Muslims to great ideals of Kabir. You cannot disown a person just because you do not know his whereabouts. We respect Kabir not because he was a Hindu or a Muslim but a human being who preached love and affection and had the courage to speak against all forms of oppression without any hesitation. It need a lot of courage of conviction and ideals to be so and Kabir is India’s shining example of humanist heritage and it is our duty to revive his great legacy and take it to the people. Muslims, Hindus, secularists, atheists, humanists, all will gain from understanding Kabir who was hated by the fundamentalists of all kinds but could not challenge his authority as he remained down to earth closely associated with the masses. Such legendary icons cannot be confined to the narrow confines of their birth based identities. Humanity gains from their knowledge and work. It is sad that we are still dividing Kabir on those narrow lines which he opposed his life and converting him to mythological figures against which he stood for life long. It is time that people of India own Kabir and follow his high traditions of mutual love and rejection of extremists’ ideologies.